tp://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> Best Tips for Health, Health Insurance and Home Remedies: Health
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts

Why is drinking bad for you

Two fizzy drinks a day can raise risk of liver disease - but diet versions do NOT have the same damaging effect

  • Sugar-sweetened drinks like cola linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • And there could be also associations with diabetes and heart disease
  • More than 2,000 participants in the study had to say how many caffeinated or sugary drinks they consumed daily
  • But researchers found no link between diet drinks and NAFLD


Drinking just two cans of fizzy drink a day raises your risk of liver disease, according to a study.
Scientists found people who drink more than one sugar-sweetened drink such as cola or lemonade a day were more likely to have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) than those who said they didn’t drink any fizzy drinks.
And they warned that sugary drinks could also be linked to diabetes and heart disease.
However, they found low-sugar diet versions do not seem to have the same damaging effects. 



Sugar-sweetened drinks such as cola or lemonade have been linked to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, according to a new study
The team from Tufts University studied 2,634 middle aged men and women who had to say how many caffeinated or sugary drinks such as cola, fruit punch, lemonade or other non-carbonated fruit drinks they consumed daily.
The participants underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan to measure the amount of fat in the liver and some were identified as having non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Researchers from the from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Ageing at the university noticed a higher prevalence of NAFLD among people who reported drinking more than one sugar-sweetened beverage per day compared to people who said they drank no sugar-sweetened beverages.




But researchers found that diet versions do not seem to have the same effect. File photo
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WHAT IS NON-ALCOHOLIC LIVER DISEASE?

NAFLD is characterised by an accumulation of fat in the liver cells that is unrelated to alcohol consumption and and many with the disease don't experience any symptoms. Being obese or overweight increases the risk for NAFLD and people with NAFLD are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Sugar-sweetened beverages are a major dietary source of fructose, the sugar that is suspected of increasing risk of NAFLD because of how our bodies process it. 
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The study, published in the Journal of Hepatology, revealed the link stood even after the authors accounted for age, sex, body mass index and dietary and lifestyle factors such as calorie intake, alcohol, and smoking.
In contrast, after accounting for these factors the authors found no association between diet cola and NAFLD.

Study author Dr Jiantao Ma, said: 'Our study adds to a growing body of research suggesting that sugar-sweetened beverages may be linked to NAFLD and other chronic diseases including diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
'Few observational studies, to date, have examined the relationship between sugar-sweetened beverages and NAFLD.
'Long-term prospective studies are needed to help ascertain the potential role of sugar-sweetened beverages in the development of NAFLD.'
Co-author of the study Dr Nicola McKeown added: 'The cross-sectional nature of this study prevents us from establishing causality.
'Future prospective studies are needed to account for the changes in beverage consumption over time as soda consumers may switch to diet soda and these changes may be related to weight status.
'Although there is much more research to be done, sugar-sweetened beverages are a source of empty calories, and people need to be mindful of how much they are drinking, perhaps by reserving this habit for special occasions

Fruit Juices,Nectars and Nutritious Beverages can play a significant part in a Healthy Diet.


Intro: Fruit juices and nectars both act as nutritious
beverages and can play a significant part in a healthy diet.
It would be prudent to look towards a box of juice
to revitalise you in the smoldering summer
heat and keep you hydrated...


New Health Fact


Facts:
* The World Health Organisation estimates that over a billion people, about 15 per cent of the world's population, have some form of disability. 
* According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), it is also evaluated that about 80 per cent of these disabled people live in developing countries.
* Globally, it is assumed that one in every ten people is a person with a disability. 
* According to UNICEF, 30 per cent of street youths are disabled. 
* Between 110 million and 190 million people have significant difficulties in functioning (WHO).
* UNESCO states that 98 per cent of children with disabilities in developing countries do not attend school. 
* A recent research done by the UN shows that the causes of disability are often directly related to poverty: malnutrition causes 20 per cent of disabilities, accidents/trauma and war 16 per cent, infectious diseases 11 per cent, non-infectious diseases 20 per cent, others (including ageing) 13 per cent.
* According to WHO, people with disabilities have less access to health care services and therefore experience unmet health care needs.

Home Remedies in urdu for Naval (Naaf)



Some Healthy Reasons to Drink more Water



Weight Loss: Water has no fat, no calories, no crabs, no sugar.
Heart Healthy: Lowers your risks of a heart attack by 41%.
Energy: Being dehydrated can sap your energy and make you feed tired.
Headache cure: headaches are simply a matter of not drinking enough water.
Healthy skin: clear up your skin and gives a healthy glow.
Better exercise: being dehydrated can severely hamper your athletic activities.
Digestive problems: water can help cure stomach acid problems.
Cancer risk: reduce risk of colon cancer by 45% & bladder cancer by 50%.
Cleansing: water is used by the body to help flush out toxins and waste.

some useful vegetable for Breast Cancer prevention


Broccoli

Cauliflower

Brussel Sprouts
Spinach

Coliards

Tomatoes

Kale

Cabbage

Carrots

Some common health complications that can arise from fasting,

And how to prevent and deal with them.The following advice has been provided following consultation with medical experts and Islamic scholars.

Fasting and heartburn

Fasting usually reduces the amount of stomach acid, which digests food and kills bacteria. However, thoughts of food, or the smell of it, make the brain tell the stomach to produce more acid, which can lead to heartburn.
People who regularly take medicine for indigestion  such as antacids, antihistamines or proton pump inhibitors  are advised to continue taking them. A good time to do this could be with the pre-dawn meal.
The control of heartburn or belching can be aided by eating in moderation and avoiding oily, deep-fried or very spicy food. Reducing your caffeine intake and stopping smoking can also help.
Preparations such as peppermint oil may help reduce belching or abdominal discomfort. Sleeping with your head raised on a few pillows, in addition to long-term weight loss, may also help prevent heartburn.

Fasting and poor control of diabetes

People who regularly inject insulin are advised not to fast, as the potential risk to health both in the short and long term of not taking insulin is too great. People who have their diabetes under control using tablets should seek careful advice from their GP before starting a fast.
Regular self-monitoring of your blood glucose is strongly advised. Low blood sugar levels (known as a "hypo") are dangerous, and may lead to fainting or fits if left untreated.
Feeling dizzy, sweaty and disoriented may all suggest a hypo. If a person with diabetes has these symptoms, they should immediately have a sugary drink, or place sugar or a sugar-rich sweet below their tongue.

Fasting and a headache

This common problem has many causes. Headaches during a fast could be due to dehydration or hunger, poor rest, or the absence of addictive substances, such as caffeine or nicotine.
A moderate and balanced diet, especially not missing the pre-dawn meal, taking in enough fluids and, if necessary, some painkillers such as paracetamol, can help prevent or reduce the risk of getting a headache.
Headaches can also be prevented by not exposing yourself to direct sunlight, wearing a hat when out, using sunglasses to reduce the effect of glare from the sun and relieving any tense muscles with a short, gentle massage.

Fasting and dehydration

Dehydration is common during a fast. The body continues to lose water and salts through breathing, perspiring and urinating.
If you don’t drink sufficiently before a fast, your risk of dehydration increases. This risk is higher in older people and in those taking tablets, such as diuretics.
If you are unable to stand up due to dizziness, or you are disoriented, you should urgently drink regular, moderate quantities of water  ideally with sugar and salt  or Dioralyte or Lucozade.
If you faint due to dehydration, your legs should be raised above your head by others, and when you awake, you should urgently rehydrate as outlined above.

 

 Fasting and constipation

When you are fasting, being active, drinking water regularly and eating healthily (during the times when you are not fasting) will help to keep your bowel motions regular. Include lots of fruit and vegetables in your diet and increase the fibre content of your food using bran. If the problem persists, a short course of laxatives may help.

 Fasting and stress

Lack of food and water, changes of routine and shorter periods of sleep can cause stress. It’s important to deal with any potential sources of stress to stop any harmful effects. This can be helped by not taking on more than you can handle, not playing sports in the hot sun, controlling your anger and not smoking.

 Fasting and weight control

Food consumed during the pre-dawn and dusk meals may lead to some unintended weight gain. However, if you approach the fast with discipline, it can be an opportunity to lose weight and become healthier.

Article Source by : NHS 

Getting Ready for Ramadan in the Summer

Forgive Yourself for the Dread

It was inevitable: due to the fact that the Islamic calendar is lunar, it was inevitable that Ramadan was going to fall during the summer months. There is no need to remind anyone that this means that days are long, the days are hot, and the nights are very short. It is normal to feel a little dread. Fasting is difficult; God knows this, which is why there is such tremendous reward for completing the fasts. In fact, God says in a Prophetic tradition: "Fasting is for Me, and I Myself give the reward for it." This is assuming, of course, that there is no medical contraindication to fasting. The challenge is to overcome your fears and fast anyway, and through this, one can attain to piety.

Take Full Advantage of the Long Day

Given that Ramadan will be in the summer (for the next...ten years or so), it is an opportune time to take advantage of the fact that you can't eat or drink until late. It is the perfect time to read the Qur'an during all those hours of waiting to eat. It should be quite easy, in fact, to finish recitation of the entire Qur'an during Ramadan. Read up on the life story of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), or that book by Dr. Tariq Ramadan that you have been meaning to read but had, heretofore, no time to finish. Spend more time with the children; figure out how to have a good time without eating and drinking. Yes, it may not be the greatest that you can't eat until 8 PM, but make some lemonade out of those lemons. (Just make sure you drink it after sunset!)

Be Mindful of the Season

Like it or not, Ramadan is during summer now, and so be mindful of the heat and humidity. If you are tired during the day, do not hesitate to take a nap and rest. After sunset, make sure you drink plenty of fluids and stay well hydrated during the night. Try to avoid very salty foods so as to not be excessively thirsty during the next day. As a doctor, I would recommend avoiding any strenuous physical activity while fasting, if at all possible. And again, most importantly, if fasting causes you to become ill, do not continue, and seek medical help immediately. Islamic law has outlined alternatives to fasting for those who cannot fast due to medical or other reasons.

Rev Up Your Spirituality

It never ceases to amaze me how much food and drink takes up our mental energy. With that temporarily suspended, Ramadan allows us to focus on our inner selves, to nourish our spiritual self. So, take advantage of this: recite scripture, repeat the Names of God, learn about the faith, deepen the bond with God. Come out of Ramadan better than when you started it. This is the whole purpose of the fast as the Quran says: "O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed for you as it has been prescribed for people before you so that you will (learn how to) attain God-consciousness" (2:183)

Strive to do Away with Bad Habits

The fast of Ramadan is more than simply a diet plan. It is a cleansing of both body and soul. While waiting for the day to end, work on improving those aspects of your character that may be lacking. Each one of us has our weaknesses and vices; each one of us can always be a better person, a better spouse, a better co-worker, a better child, a better sibling, a better relative, a better citizen. Strive during this blessed month of Ramadan to, once again, be better person at the end of the month than you were at the beginning.

Increase Your Charitable Giving

Good deeds are multiply rewarded during the month of Ramadan, and charitable giving is no different. Thus, try - as best as possible - to increase your charitable giving if possible. Indeed, these are quite difficult times, but the Lord is Most Gracious. Even if all you can give is $5, be assured that the Lord will accept this gift with tremendous gratitude and kindness. In addition, this is the month that many Muslims pay out their obligatory alms, or Zakat. So, don't forget to pay it, and take advantage of the tremendous reward and blessings that come with Ramadan.

Be Thankful and Happy

When the month does finally come to an end, be of good cheer. There is a reason that a holiday, Eid ul Fitr, follows the month of fasting. Turn to the Lord in gratitude and thanks for allowing you to participate in such an amazing act of public piety; an amazing act of spirituality and faith; an amazing act of physical restraint and self-control. And look forward to living out the rest of the year, hopefully, a much better person to boot.
Article source beliefnet

US doctors perform skull-scalp transplant


WASHINGTON: US doctors hailed a complex operation as a world first after performing a skull and scalp transplant on a cancer patient who also received a new kidney and pancreas during the procedure.
James Boysen, a 55-year-old software developer, underwent 15 hours of surgery performed with the help of more than 50 medical professionals, the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston said on Thursday.
It said that the historic surgery made Boysen the “first patient to receive the simultaneous craniofacial tissue transplant together with solid organ transplants.”
The operation, performed at Houston Methodist Hospital, was conceptualized almost four years ago, but wasn’t carried out until May 22, some 20 hours after doctors were told appropriate organs had become available.
“This was a very complex surgery because we had to transplant the tissues utilizing microsurgery,” said Michael Klebuc, lead surgeon from the Houston Methodist Hospital plastic surgery team that helped perform the skull-scalp transplant.
“Imagine connecting blood vessels 1/16 of an inch under a microscope with tiny stitches about half the diameter of a human hair being done with tools that one would use to make a fine Swiss watch," he said.
Boysen, a resident of Austin, was diagnosed with leucotomy sarcoma, a rare cancer that attacks smooth muscle, on his scalp in 2006.
The cancer was treated successfully but left a large wound on his scalp and skull.
The Texas man, who was also diagnosed with diabetes at age five, had undergone a previous double-organ kidney and pancreas transplant in 1992, but those organs were needing transplanting again.
Because of his skull and scalp wounds, however, that procedure was not possible. Meanwhile his kidney and pancreas issues and the immune suppression medications he was on because of them, made scalp reconstruction difficult.
Doctors solved the dilemma by carrying out all procedures at once. -AFP

FDA Panel Votes to Approve 'Female Viagra' With Conditions After Third Hearing

 
 By GILLIAN MOHNEY and LANA ZAK via Good Morning America

An expert panel for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration voted today to approve a drug that has been dubbed the "female Viagra" after two previous attempts failed to gain approval.

The FDA is set to make a final decision in August, and while the agency generally follows to the panelists' vote, it is not bound to adhere to it.

Medical experts from the FDA examined the evidence on the effectiveness of the drug flibanserin, designed to help per-menopausal women with Hypo active Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD).

This is the third time the drug has been presented to the FDA, after previous attempts to get the drug approved failed in part due to the agency having concerns about whether its benefits outweighed the risks.

A mother and her daughter were among those to offer emotional testimony to the FDA panel today. The mother, Barbara, talked about how her relationships with her husband and family became strained because of her lack of a sex drive. She said she was diagnosed with HSDD and told the panel that she was "so relieved to know this was not my fault." She was on the clinical trial and said the results were dramatic, "no negative side effects, just good ones, really good ones."

Controversy Surrounds New 'Female Viagra'

The Fight to Get 'Female Viagra' on the Market

Girl Prompts Small Change to Organ Transplant Policy


But then she spoke about her daughter and her pain in knowing that she passed this condition down to Vikki. Then her daughter, with voice cracking, told the panel that "divorce is on the table." Despite her efforts to be sexual, "my husband thinks I don't love him anymore."

The drug works by manipulating chemicals in the brain to try and induce sexual desire and was originally designed as an antidepressant.

Early studies showed the drug helped women have more "satisfying sexual events," the FDA stated in a summary released before the meeting, but those who took the drug also faced multiple side effects, including nausea, dizziness, fatigue and fainting -- though very rare, according to proponents. During the early testing, the drug failed to show improvement in the key outcome of improving sexual desire. In addition, long-term effects from a drug taken every single day are a big unknown and one that may still give the FDA pause.

The drug is produced by the pharmaceutical company Sprout. Cindy Whitehead, the founder and COO of the Raleigh, North Carolina-based company, has been fighting to get the drug approved for four years.

"There are 25 approved drugs for some form of male sexual dysfunction, but still a great big zero for the most common form of FSD [female sexual dysfunction]," Whitehead said in an interview with ABC News last year. "No matter how or why we got here, we're here, and we've got to come up with a solution for it."

The drug targets an issue more complicated than the physiological issue that men with erectile dysfunction face, according to gynecologist Dr. Lauren Streicher.

HSDD "is a very specific problem in a woman who doesn't think about sex, she doesn't fantasize, she doesn't desire sex," Streicher told ABC News last year. "What makes it different is that it's distressing to her. This has a negative impact on her. She's worried about it, she's frustrated."

Why soft drinks could make you a couch potato

 

NEW YORK: Diets rich in fructose, carbohydrate derived from fruit and vegetables, may lead to a significant weight gain, physical inactivity and body fat deposition, a new research has found. Many soft drinks and processed baked goods contain high-fructose corn syrup. The researchers designed this study based on the intake of fructose by adolescents in the US.
“Our study suggests that such levels of fructose can indeed play a role in weight gain, favor fat deposition, and also contribute to physical inactivity,” said Justin Rhodes, professor of psychology at University of Illinois in the US.
“The link between increases in sugar intake, particularly fructose, and the rising obesity epidemic has been debated for many years with no clear conclusions,” lead author of the study Catarina Rendering from University of Illinois said.
So the researchers studied two groups of mice for two-and-a-half months: one group was fed a diet in which 18 percent of the calories came from fructose, mimicking the intake of adolescents in the United States, and the other was fed 18 per cent from glucose.
“The important thing to note is that animals in both experimental groups had the usual intake of calories for a mouse,” Rendeiro said.
They were not eating more than they should, and both groups had exactly the same amount of calories deriving from sugar, the only difference was the type of sugar, either fructose or glucose
The results showed that the fructose-fed mice displayed significantly increased body weight, liver mass, and fat mass in comparison to the glucose-fed mice.
Remarkably, the researchers also found that not only were the fructose-fed mice gaining weight, they were also less active.
“We do not know why animals move less when in the fructose diet,” said Rhodes. The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports.-Agencies

 Some useful Article for Weight Loss Must Read

India bans Nestle instant noodles after safety scare


New Delhi, June 5, 2015 (AFP) -India«s food safety regulator on Friday banned Nestle from making and selling its hugely popular Maggi instant noodles, calling them "unsafe" and "hazardous" after tests found they contained excessive lead.
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) said it was ordering Nestle to halt manufacturing after tests by some states found lead levels above statutory limits.
Nestle, which denies the charges and says the noodles are safe to eat, had already announced it was pulling the product from sale as it seeks to contain growing safety concerns.
An FSSAI statement said it was ordering Nestle India to "withdraw and recall all the nine approved variants of its Maggi Instant Noodles from the market... and stop further production".
It said tests had found the noodles to be "unsafe and hazardous for human consumption".
Nestle, which says the lead content in its Maggi noodles is well below the limit, had already announced it would withdraw the product from sale as it tries to contain the growing scandal.
On Friday its global chief executive Paul Bulcke said the product was "safe for consumption".
"We decided to take off the noodles from the shelves as there was confusion about the safety," he said at a press conference in New Delhi.
"The safety of our consumers is paramount. We are working with the authorities to clear up this confusion."
At least six states including India«s capital have announced temporary bans on the sale of the instant noodles in the past few days, after officials said test results showed high lead levels.
The FSSAI said the presence of lead "beyond permissible levels" could make the product "unsafe and hazardous", citing risks of damage to the kidneys and the nervous system.
Activists in the eastern city of Kolkata on Thursday burned packets of the noodles in protest, underscoring the scale of public anger.
Nestle has been selling its Maggi brand for over three decades in India, and has 80 percent of the country«s instant noodle market.

- Celebrity backers -

The product -- marketed as a quick and healthy snack -- grew increasingly popular as more and more Indians moved away from their homes to study or seek work.
It emerged as one of India«s five most trusted brands in a consumer survey conducted last year.
Several celebrities have endorsed Maggi over the years, including Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan.
The scare met with a mix of outrage and disappointment in India, where it was one of the top trending topics on Twitter on Friday.
Many users welcomed the ban and the best-selling novelist Chetan Bhagat tweeted that Maggi was "junk being sold as emotional nectar to Indians daily".
Others defended the product and said they had been eating it for decades with no ill effects.
"My work often involves travel and odd hours, which over the years made Maggi my favourite snack," 30-year-old IT worker Puneet Raheja told AFP.
"I think that this controversy will soon blow over."
The scare began when food inspectors in Uttar Pradesh said they had found high lead levels in two dozen Maggi noodle packets during routine testing, along with the flavour enhancer MSG (monosodium glutamate), which is not listed in the ingredients.
The state last weekend filed a criminal complaint against Nestle India over the findings, while a separate legal petition was filed against Bollywood stars who have advertised the noodles.
Nestle has said it does not use MSG in its Maggi products sold in India, but that glutamate is a naturally occurring substance and may be present in some of the ingredients.
The FSSAI said Nestle had disputed the conclusions on the basis that the noodles and flavouring were tested separately, even though they are consumed together.
Shares in Nestle India, the subsidiary of the Swiss giant, fell nine per cent on the Bombay Stock Exchange on Wednesday as the crisis escalated.
The company, which markets a huge range of food items from Nescafe instant coffee to KitKat bars, said Maggi noodles would return to the market "as soon as the current situation is clarified".
bb-cc/erf
Health Benefits of Green Tea 

Early treatment is effective against HIV


WASHINGTON: Early antiviral treatment after diagnosis of HIV infection significantly reduces the likelihood of getting AIDS or other serious illnesses, according to results from a large international clinical trial published on Wednesday.
The study was presented a year earlier than planned after preliminary data showed that people who received treatment from diagnosis were 53 per cent less likely to die or develop a serious illness such as AIDS compared to a control group where treatment began later when the immune system is weakened.
Researchers said this data combined with previous studies showing that antiviral drugs help prevent HIV transmission to healthy sexual partners indicate that such treatment is beneficial for everyone diagnosed with the virus.
The study began in 2011 in 35 countries with 4,684 HIV-infected men and women over the age of 18.
An estimated 35 million people are infected with HIV worldwide, while only 13 million people get treatment, according to the latest figures.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention already recommends starting antiviral after HIV diagnosis. -AFP

Must Read: What is Female Viagra...?

خواتین کی ’ویاگرا ‘ کی کہانی ہے کیا؟

باربرا گاتوسو 40 سال کی عمر کی طرف بڑھ رہی تھیں اور پہلی بار ان کو شوہر کے ساتھ جنسی تعلقات کے حوالے سے رویے میں تبدیلی محسوس ہوئی۔
باربرا کہتی ہیں: ’میں نے کبھی گریگ سے اس بارے میں بات نہیں کی۔ میں نے محسوس کیا کہ میں سیکس کے بارے میں کم پرواہ کرنے لگی ہوں۔‘
اب 66 سال کی عمر میں باربرا بتاتی ہیں: ’میں شوہر کے ساتھ جنسی تعلق قائم کرنے سے کترانے لگی۔ میں انکار نہیں کرنا چاہتی تھی کیونکہ ایسا کرنے سے شوہر کو ٹھیس پہنچتی۔‘
وہ جلدی سونے چلی جاتی تھیں اور شوہر کے اٹھنے سے پہلے اٹھ جاتی تھیں۔ ’کچھ وقت کے بعد میں سوچنے لگی کہ یہ کیا ہو رہا ہے؟ میں اپنے شوہر سے محبت کرتی ہوں۔ ہماری کامیاب شادی ہے۔ خوبصورت بچے ہیں۔ یہ کیا ہو رہا ہے؟‘
دراصل مسئلہ سیکس کی خواہش کی کمی تھا۔
طویل رشتے میں رہنے والے زیادہ تر لوگ جانتے ہیں کہ وقت کے ساتھ ساتھ چاہت اور کشش کم ہو جاتی ہے۔
لیکن باربرا کے معاملے میں تو انھیں جنسی تعلقات میں کوئی دلچسپی ہی نہیں رہ گئی تھی۔ یہ صرف ان کے شوہر کے ساتھ والا مسئلہ نہیں تھا، وہ کسی بھی مرد کی طرف متوجہ نہیں ہوتی تھیں۔

اہم پیش رفت

کچھ ماہرنفسیات کے مطابق جنسی خواہشات میں اتار چڑھاؤ عام بات ہے۔ خاص طور پر جب خواتین کی عمر بڑھنے لگتی ہے تو ان کی جنسی تعلقات کی خواہش کم ہو جاتی ہے۔ اگرچہ کچھ ماہر نفسیات اس کی وجہ طبی نقص اور دماغ میں کیمیکلز کا عدم توازن سمجھتے ہیں۔ ایسی خواتین کے لیے بازار میں نئی دوا آنے والی ہے۔ امریکہ کی فوڈ اینڈ ڈرگ ایڈمنسٹریشن (ایف ڈی اے) تین اور چار جون کو اس موضوع بات چیت کے لیے ایک مشاورتی کمیٹی کی میٹنگ کر رہی ہے۔ یہ کمیٹی طے کرے گی کہ کیا ایسی خواتین کو فلبانسیرن کے استعمال کی اجازت دینی چاہیے یا نہیں فلبانسیرن ہی وہ دوا ہے جسے ’فیمیل ویاگرا‘ کا نام دیا گیا ہے۔

خواہش کم کیوں ہوتی ہے؟

سوال اٹھتا ہے کہ سیکس کی خواہش کم کیوں ہوتی ہے اور فلبانسیرن اس میں کس طرح سے مدد کرے گی؟
صرف خواتین میں ہی بڑھتی عمر کے ساتھ جنسی تعلقات سے متعلق مشکلات پیدا نہیں ہوتیں۔ مردوں کے درمیان ویاگرا کی مقبولیت بتاتی ہے کہ مرد بھی اس مسئلے کے وجہ سے خاصے فکر مند ہوتے ہیں۔
مرد اور خواتین میں مسئلے کی نوعیت میں فرق ہو سکتا ہے۔
سینڈياگو میں واقع یونیورسٹی آف کیلی فورنیا کے ماہر نفسیات سٹیون سٹاہل کہتے ہیں: ’جنسی تعلقات کے حوالے سے خواتین میں تین طرح کے مسائل ہوتے ہیں۔ خواہش، خواہش اور خواہش۔‘
خواہش میں کمی کی حقیقی وجہ سائنس دانوں کے لیے راز ہی ہے۔
یہ دوا عورت کے جنسی اعضا کا نہیں دماغ کا علاج کرے گی
ایک نظریہ یہ ہے کہ جنسی خواہش کی کمی کی بیماری ہائپوایكٹو سیكسوئل ڈیزائر ڈس آرڈر (ایچ ایس ڈی ڈی) کی وجہ دماغ کے اگلے حصے کو سوئچ آف نہ کر پانا ہے۔ یہ حصہ روزمرہ کے کاموں کو یاد رکھتا ہے، جیسا کہ کسی کو سالگرہ کا کارڈ بھیجنا ہے، گھر میں مرمت کرانی ہے، دفتر کا کام نمٹانا ہے۔
جب دماغ کے یہ سرکٹ گڑبڑ کرتے ہیں تو تسکین کے جذبات میں رکاوٹ پیدا ہوتی ہے۔
جب مردوں میں جنسی خواہش سے وابستہ مسائل کے علاج میں ویاگرا کا استعمال کامیاب رہا تو عورتوں کے لیے بھی ایسی ہی دوا بنانے کی دوڑ لگ گئی۔
لیکن یہ دوا عورت کے جنسی اعضا کا نہیں دماغ کا علاج کرے گی۔

سائیڈ افیكٹ ہی بنا علاج

فلبانسیرن اس دوڑ میں سب سے آگے ہے۔ پہلے اسے مانع افسردگی (اینٹی ڈیپریسنٹ) دوا کے طور پر تیار کیا گیا لیکن اس سے لوگوں کے رویے پر کوئی اثر نہیں ہوا۔
لیکن اس کے كلینكل ٹرائل میں شامل عورتوں میں ایک دلچسپ سائیڈ ایفیکٹ یا ذیلی اثر دیکھا گیا کہ عورتوں کی جنسی تعلقات میں دلچسپی بڑھنے لگی۔
یہ دوا دماغ میں ڈوپامائن، نوراڈرینالائن اور سیروٹنین کے متوازن کرنے کا کام کرتی ہے۔
سٹیون سٹال کہتے ہیں: ’یہ عام توازن قائم کر دیتی ہے یا پھر جو کمی ہوتی ہے، اسے پورا کرتی ہے۔ ممکن ہے کہ وہ خواتین کے دماغ کے اگلے حصے کے سرکٹ کو جنسی تعلقات کے وقت شل کر دیتی ہو جو عام حالات میں ان کی جنسی خواہش گھٹاتا ہے۔‘
اسے جنسی تعلقات سے متعلق مسائل کا سامنا کرنے والی خواتین میں سیکس کی خواہش کو بڑھانے کے لیے پیش کیا گیا۔
جب دماغ کے سرکٹ گڑبڑ کرتے ہیں تو تسکین کے جذبات میں رکاوٹ پیدا ہوتی ہے

اثرات کا مطالعہ

اس ٹرائل کے دوران خواتین نے دوا کے استعمال سے جنسی تعلقات میں اطمینان بڑھنے کا اظہار کیا تھا۔
لیکن سیکس کی خواہش بڑھنے کی بات ثابت نہیں ہو پائی اور ایف ڈی اے نے اس دوا کو سنہ 2010 میں مسترد کر دیا۔
تاہم بعد کے مطالعہ جات سے ظاہر ہوا کہ اس سے جنسی تعلقات کی خواہش بڑھتی ہے۔
ایچ ایس ڈی ڈی ادویات کی کیمپین کرنے والی کمپنی ايون دی اسکور کی سربراہ سوزن سكینلن کہتی ہیں: ’مسئلہ یہ ہے کہ آپ اس صورت حال میں بہتری کیسے ماپتے ہیں؟‘
سوزن کہتی ہیں: ’اوسط امریکی خاتون ایک ماہ میں تین بار جنسی تعلقات قائم کرتی ہے، اگر دوا کے استعمال کرنے والی خاتون نے مہینے میں تین بار سیکس نہیں کیا تو کیا دوا ناکام سمجھی جائے گی۔‘
دراصل ایچ ایس ڈی ڈی میں مبتلا خواتین دوا نہ لینے کی صورت میں مہینے میں ڈیڑھ بار سیکس کرتی ہے، لیکن فلبانسرین کے بعد 28 دن کے عرصے میں وہ اوسطاً ڈھائی بار سیکس کرتی ہیں۔

’سیکس کی خواہش میں اضافہ‘

ٹرائل کے دوران کچھ خواتین نے صورت حال میں بہتری کے بارے میں ہے۔گاتوسو نے فلبانسیرن کے ٹرائل میں سنہ 2011 میں شامل ہونے کا فیصلہ کیا تھا۔
ان سے پہلے پلیسيبو (فرضی دوا) دی گئی لیکن انھیں اس سے کوئی فائدہ نہیں ہوا۔
جب انھیں فلبانسیرن دی گئی تو انھوں نے کہا: ’کچھ ہی ہفتے میں مکمل طور پر بدل گئی۔ میں نے رات میں اٹھ جاتی اور شوہر سے محبت کرنے لگتی۔ چاہت اور باہمی تعلقات کی گرماہٹ کو میں نے 100 فیصد محسوس کیا۔‘
اس دوا کے استعمال کے کچھ ضمنی اثرات بھی سامنے آئے ہیں، جیسے غنودگی، چکر آنا اور جی متلانا وغیرہ۔ گاتوسو اسے زیادہ خطرناک نہیں سمجھتیں۔
سوزن کہتی ہیں: ’مردوں کی دوا وياگرا اور ایسی ہی دوسری 26 ادویات کے استعمال سے ہونے والے ضمنی اثرات میں ہارٹ اٹیک، اندھاپن، اچانک موت اور پينائل رپچر (جنسی عضو کی رگ پھٹ جانا) شامل ہیں۔‘
کچھ لوگوں کو یہ خدشہ بھی ہے کہ فلبانسیرن کے بازار میں آنے سے خواتین جن مسائل کو ریلیشن شپ کائونسلنگ سے سلجھا سکتی ہیں، ان کے لئے بھی دوا کا استعمال ہونے لگے گا۔
برطانیہ کی یونیورسٹی آف ساؤتھمپٹن کی ماہرنفسیات سنتھيا گراہم کہتی ہیں: ’چاہت کے لیے باہمی تعلق کا کردار اہم ہوتا ہے۔ حوالہ اور حیثیت بھی اہم ہے۔ موڈ اور پرائیویسی بھی اہم کردار ادا کرتے ہیں.‘
حالانکہ اس کے بعد بھی سنتھيا گریم مانتی ہیں کہ کچھ حالات میں دوا کا استعمال فائدہ مند ہو گا۔
لیکن وہ اس کے ضمنی اثرات پر اور مطالعہ کی بات کہتی ہیں۔ ویسے کچھ لوگ یہ بھی مانتے ہیں کہ فلبانسیرن کے آنے سے دوسری زیادہ موثر ادویات کو تیار کرنے کا عمل رک جائے گا۔

دوا کی ضرورت

اگرچہ کوئی بھی اسے شرطیہ علاج کے طور پر نہیں دیکھ رہا ہے سٹیون سٹاہل کہتے ہیں: ’اگر آپ کی جنسی تعلقات میں دلچسپي کم ہو گئی ہو تو یہ سوال پوچھیے کہ کیا صرف شوہر کے ساتھ ہی ایسا محسوس ہوتا ہے؟ کیا آپ کو دوسرے مردوں میں دلچسپی ہے، یا پھر جنسی تعلقات میں بالکل ہی دلچسپی نہیں ہے۔یہ طے ہے کہ دوا کی گولی بے جوڑ شادی میں کام نہیں آ سکتی۔ گاتوسو کا کہنا ہے کہ تعلقات کے معاملات کونسلنگ سے سلجھائے جا سکتے ہیں لیکن وہ فی میل ویاگرا کو حتمی امید کے طور پر بھی دیکھ رہی ہیں۔ گاتوسو کہتی ہیں: ’جب میں نے اس دوا کو واپس لیے جانے کا امکان کی بات سنی تو میں صرف اپنے بارے میں سوچ کر ہی مایوس نہیں ہوئی تھی، میرے جیسی لاکھوں خواتین ہیں جنھیں اس صورت حال میں کہیں سے مدد نہیں ملتی۔ انھیں اس دوا کی ضرورت ہے۔‘
Article Source :bbc urdu

*Benifits of Beets*


 
Immune Booster
Nick Name: Nature's Viagra
Contains Polysaccharides for digestive tract health.
  • Beets are an excellent source of floater.
  •  Beets contain a significant amount of fiber, manganese and potassium A
  • Beet greens are an excellent source of calcium, iron and Vitamins A and C.
  • Stimulates Liver Function.
  • Reduces Cholesterol
  • Natural colon cleanser
  • Contains beta cyanide which counteract cancer.

10 Tips for Better Sleep

Fruits that can change your Life


 
 Avocado-promote hear health.

 Coconut Water-not only is sterille, but has the same electrolytic balance as human blood, which enabled medics is the Pacific Theater in World War II to use it as an emergency
 substitute for plasma.

 KIWI-great source of potassium and fiber.

 Longan Berry- been used as an antidote
 for snake bites for centuries.

 Mangosteen- can cause cell death in leukemia cell.

 Papaya-High enzyme fruit.

 Pomegranate- loaded with antioxidants.


Sour sop-Natural Cancer KILLER 10,000
times stronger than chemo.
 
Star Fruit-great source of vitamin C.


Passion Fruit-rich in vitamins A and C, potassium and fiber.

How Does Acne Spot Occur?

What is the worst part of teenage and adult? On an important day, you wake to find a brand new spot – just when you really don’t want it. Acne is a universally problem for all kinds of people, but most probably it impacts on eighty percent young people and five percent adults. When you have acne spots problem the first thing you desire is a neat and clean face.

How Does Acne Spot Occur?


Where spots do come from? According to Dermatologists, sebaceous glands, which make the skin’ natural oil, are found under the surface of the skin, particularly on the face, back, and shoulders. Spots occur when these glands go into overdrive and produce too much oil. Normally, the oil flows out of the narrow openings in the skin called pores. But when there’s an excess the pores can become blocked, resulting in blackheads or pimples. You can see this activity on the surface of your skin as redness and inflammation when the normally harmless bacteria in your skin get to work and an infection sets in.

Mrs. Ruhana Iqbal (Bhabis) Stated About Acne
A low cost solution of acne spot is in our hands, but we ignore it. The herbal expert and a well-known beautician Mrs. Ruhana Iqbal (Bhabis) says, most of you have used acne cure products; do you aware that products based on chemicals like benzyl peroxide that can damage your skin? Now with the passage of time research has proved that natural ingredients are much better than these products. These are a nature’s gift for us, but we are not aware with their use and that is our bad luck.

Honey


    Mrs. Ruhana Iqbal suggests for the treatment of acne, make a paste of one tablespoon honey and one tablespoon yogurt; apply on acne areas over night for a treatment.
۔

Cucumber Juice


    Cucumber juice has so many healthy benefits; among all its benefits this is also effective when it comes to treat acne. Use cucumber juice as toner to get acne clear skin. Apply cucumber juice on your face for 10-12 minutes twice a week.

Toothpaste

   
Acne spots are more complicated than people realize because it’s not only affects you physically, but mentally, emotionally and socially. This is really unbearable to face the embarrassment and frustration caused by the acne spots. This is such kinds of dilemma which needs your immediate attention. When you notice acne spot on your face apply toothpaste on spot at night and wash in the morning, toothpaste will reduce the spot.

Herbal Queen Shahnaz Hussain Remedies for Acne

Aloe Vera Gel


    For the treatment of this skin problem, herbal queen Shahnaz Hussain advice, to reduce acne spot apply Aloe Vera gel on your face in the morning and night two times in a day for one week.

Gram Flour


    Mix gram flour with milk and use as daily face wash to prevent acne.

Honey and Cinnamon

   
Mix together honey and cinnamon powder. Apply the paste on face before sleep for over night and next morning wash out your face. It has been proved effective for skin.

Remedies for Scars

    The scars left behind after severe spots can be almost as distressing as the spots themselves, but there are several home remedies which can reduce or even get rid of them. Although these remedies take time, but giving you a sure and perfect result.
 

Potato


    Potato contributes miracle results in skin care routine. A potato is helpful for natural removing of scares and pimples infections. Wash the potato and cut off the edge of the potato. Cut three thin slices of the potato. Being rubbing the slices onto your skin in circular motions, doing this all over your face. The purpose of this method is to let the potato juice soak into your skin. You must wait 15 minutes for the potato’s inner juice to soak onto your skin. Now wash your face off! Gently pat your face dry.

Olive Oil


    Olive oil is best for our skin. Fading marks message with olive oil gently on the affected areas of your face.

Other Natural Remedies

   Baking Soda


    Keep your skin clean by twice cleansing a day. Be careful not to over clean or you may strip away the skin’s natural bacteria and make it even more prone to outbreak. To remove the dead cells that can block pores and lead to spots, use an exfoliate. Baking soda is a cheap cooking ingredient and all of you have in home. Mix baking soda in water, apply on your face and rub gently for 20 seconds. Rinse off your face with normal water. Use this exfoliation once a week.

 Ice Cubes


    Ice cube works magically on acne. Place ice cube over acne and rub it gently to reduce inflammation and redness.

 Apple Cider Vinegar


    Apple cider vinegar is one of the best agents to remove acne and clear the acne marks, additionally it regulates the pH of the skin. Add ½ tsp apple cider vinegar in 1 cup water. Dip a cotton wool in solution and gently apply by dabbing on all the affected areas, and let it stay overnight. Rinse off as usual in the morning.

Egg White


    Egg white is a great natural remedy for acne when used as a facial mask! Apply egg white on your face with the help or cotton ball or your finger tips. Leave it for 10 minutes then wash with water. You will notice a glowing skin after the rinse. Egg white has the properties to reduce the oil and minimize your pores in addition to drawing out impurities.

Garlic


    Garlic is a main ingredient of our every day cooking. It is also good to cure acne as it knows “acne killer”.  Take a garlic clove and thinly slice it. Rub the slices gently on your skin, particularly your problem areas, making sure the juice of the garlic is applied on the area. Leave on for 15 minutes to 30 minutes.

Tomato and Tomato Pulp


    Tomatoes have acidity that has quality to dry up the skin. Slice the tomato or get its pulp and simply set over your acne area. Keep it 10-15 minutes then rinse off with water. Repeat process until you get a clear skin.

Mint Leaves


    The fresh juice of mint leaves is also considered excellent when applied on acne and acne scars overnight.

 Precautions

Choose Acne- friendly Makeup


    The makeup you apply on your face has impact on your skin. Do not use oil based makeup, water-based oil-free cosmetics may be useful. Always wash your makeup before go to bed.

Keep Your Face Clean


    Keep your face clean, wash face twice a day to remove dirt, dead cells and extra oil from the surface of your skin. Wash your face with mild soap and water instead of medicated soap.

Change Your Pillowcase and Towel


    Dirty pillowcases/ towels can lead to acne, wash your pillowcase often and use clean towel for face. Using dirty pillowcase and towel can harbor bacteria and germs that can make acne worse.

Get Shower


    Get a shower as soon as early you come back from work place because sweat combined with skin oils can leads to dirt and bacteria in your pores.

Review Shampoo


    A rare people can think a shampoo can cause acne. Shampoo and conditioner has fragrance and chemicals that irritate the skin and results breakouts on forehead, jaw, neck and back. This is best to choice non-fragrance shampoo and washes it out thoroughly from your hair.

Say ‘Yes’ to Exercise to Prevent Acne


    Do some exercise daily. It is proved that stress is one of the major causes of acne. So do exercise daily for a relief from stress. Doing exercise also help to look and feel better.

Drink Plenty of Water

Drink lots of water to remove impurities from the bloodstream and toxins from your system.

 What Not To Do?

Avoid Touching the Face


    Keep away your hand from the face. Do not squeeze or touch your pimples because touching may lead to infection.

Say No to Junk Food


    Adopt healthy eating habits and avoid fatty and junk food. Eat fruits and vegetables for your overall good health.

   Stay Out of the Sun


    Do not stay under the sun rays because the sun's ultraviolet rays can increase inflammation and redness. Whenever go out apply sun screen on your face because sun can cause to darken the acne and scars.

No Vitamin E


    Do not apply Vitamin E directly to a scar as it can hinder its healing.
    Teens and adults who plagued by pimples or having a spot of bother with acne! Now help is at your hand to find out how you can blitz those zits.

    Here are few acne remove products are available in our grocery store, few of most popular products are listed below

Article Source : Khanapakana